As a result
of CBT patients exhibited significant decreases in the time it took to fall
asleep, decreased wake periods after being asleep, decreased number of
awakenings and increased sleep efficiency or the amount of time spent sleeping
after initial sleep onset. Significant
improvements were seen using behavioral treatment for insomnia in a pain
population resulting in improvement in pain or lessened pain interfering with
daily functioning (Jungquist, et al., 2010, Sleep Medicine, 11).